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A Complete Blood Count (CBC) also known as a Full Blood Count (FBC) is one of the most common blood tests in the laboratory. A Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test gives vital information through numerical values of the key blood components such as red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (PTL). A CBC also helps your doctor diagnose conditions, such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders. Normal and abnormal physiologic changes that may occur during pregnancy and the laboratory values that indicate these changes.
Red blood cells (RBC) carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. If the RBC count is low (anemia), the body may not be getting the oxygen it needs. The hemoglobin molecule fills up the red blood cells. It carries oxygen and gives the blood cell its red colour.
White blood cells (also called leukocytes) function as part of the body’s immune system. They help to protect the body from infection and disease. There are different types of white blood cells: Neutrophils, Lymphocytes (B cells and T cells), Monocytes, Eosinophils, and Basophils. The white blood cell differential shows if the number of cells are in proper proportion to one another, and if there is more or less of one cell type.
Platelet count forms part of the Full Blood Count (FBC) panel of tests and may reveal the reason for easy bruising or bleeding problems.
Complete Blood Count (CBC) components: RBC count, hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb), hematocrit (Hct), MCV, MCH, MCHC, platelets, WBC count (leukocytes) - neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Reference Ranges for lab values during pregnancy, cbc levels in pregnancy.